Sunday, June 15, 2008

Tanam Kacang Kelisa atau Kacang Botol

30.7.2008 Rabu. Petang tadi beli tali rafia RM2.00. Lebih kurang jam 6.30 ptg kami sibuk menggayakan tali rafia di para.
29.7.2008 Selasa. Anak pokok kacang kelisa nampaknya cepat menyesuaikan pertumbuhan di tanah. Ke empat-empatnya membesar dengan baik. Esuk rasanya akan beli tali rafia untuk membantu kelisa memanjat para yang sudah siap beberapa minggu lalau.
25.7.2008 Jumaat. Anak kacang kelisa atau kacang botol sudah agak besar, dan sedia untuk dipindahkan ke tanah. Hujung minggu ini ke empat-empat anak kelisa akan turun ke tanah!


20hb julai 2008
Para sudah siap dua minggu yang lalu. Para jenis tegak.
Empat anak kacang kelisa sudah mula tumbuh. sari dua lagi akan ubah ditanah. Benih asal adalah dari kampung, kutip yang tua dan kering terus dari pokok. Kali ini nampaknya percambahan adalah berjaya.


18.6.2008. Semai terus ditanah. tutup dengan rumput. pacak kayu untuk tanda. sepatutnya 2 minggu lagi akan mula bercambah. 2 biji benih saja. Selepas seminggu dua, didapati semua benih yang ditanam terus tidak bercambah, jadi lembik dan reput. Benih asal adalah yang dijual dalam peket dan tertera import dari Taiwan. Kemungkinan benih dari Taiwan tidak sesuai atau kaedah tanam terus tidak sesuai dengan tanah, kelembapan atau serangan serangga atau kulat.



The Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus), also known as the Goa bean (kacang botol in Malaysia), is a tropical legume plant native to Papua New Guinea. It grows abundantly in hot, humid equatorial countries, from the Philippines and Indonesia to India, Burma, Thailand and Sri Lanka. It does well in humid tropics with high rainfall.

The winged bean plant grows as a vine with climbing stems and leaves, 3-4 m in height. It is an herbaceous perennial, but can be grown as an annual. It is generally taller and notably larger than the Common bean. The bean pod is typically 15-22 cm (6-9 in) long and has four wings with frilly edges running lengthwise. The skin is waxy and the flesh partially translucent in the young pods. When the pod is fully ripe, it turns an ash-brown color and splits open to release the seeds. The large flower is a pale blue. The beans themselves are similar to soybeans in both use and nutritional content (being 29.8% to 39% protein).

The plant is one of the best nitrogen fixers with nodulation accomplished by the soil bacterium Rhizobium. Because of its ability to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere, the plant requires very little or no fertilizers.

Being a tropical plant, it is sensitive to frost. It will not flower if day length is more than 12 hours. The seeds have a hard coat and it helps to presoak the seeds before planting to hasten germination. The plant grows very quickly, reaching a length of four meters in a few weeks.


This bean has been called the "one species supermarket" because practically all of the plant is edible. The beans are used as a vegetable, but the other parts (leaves, flowers, and tuberous roots) are also edible. The tender pods, which are the most widely eaten part of the plant, can be harvested within two to three months of planting. The flowers are often used to color rice and pastries. The flavor of the beans has a similarity to asparagus. The young leaves can be picked and prepared as a leaf vegetable, similar to spinach. The roots can be used as a root vegetable, similar to the potato, and have a nutty flavor; they are also much more rich in protein than potatoes. The dried seeds can be useful as a flour and also to make a coffee-like drink. Each of these parts of the winged bean provide a source of vitamin A and other vitamins.

It is possible that, with a little selective breeding, the winged bean could raise the standard of living for millions of people in poor, tropical countries.


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